The three key Scrum artefact in agile

In Agile project management, scrum artefacts play a crucial role in facilitating communication, collaboration, and effective delivery. These key elements not only serve as tangible representations of progress but also act as powerful tools that foster transparency and alignment within scrum teams. From product backlogs to burn-down charts, each artefact holds its own significance in the Agile framework – aiding in planning, tracking, and optimising the project's trajectory.

In this article, we will delve into the significance of artefacts in Scrum and explore how they contribute to Agile success. We will discuss the major artefacts in Scrum, their roles, and how to leverage them effectively to drive productivity and transform the way projects are executed. So, whether you're new to Scrum or looking to optimise your Agile processes, join us as we uncover the power of artefacts in Scrum.

The three key artifacts in Scrum: Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment.

Product Backlog

At its core, the Product Backlog, an ordered list of everything that needs to be done within the project. Authored by the Product Owner, this dynamic list is more than just a set of tasks; it's a reflection of the project's vision, outlining the roadmap to achieving the end goal. The Product Backlog evolves as the project progresses, with the Product Owner prioritizing items based on the stakeholder's needs, ensuring that the team is always working on the most valuable tasks.

The Product Backlog is foundational to the Scrum framework, serving as a source of requirements for any changes to be made to the product. It contains a wide array of items, including but not limited to, features, functions, requirements, enhancements, and fixes. These items are often expressed as user stories, which encapsulate the needs of the end-users, making it easier for the development team to understand and act upon.


Sprint Backlog

Derived from the Product Backlog, the Sprint Backlog is a curated list of tasks that the Scrum Team commits to completing during a Sprint, typically a two-to-four-week cycle. The Sprint Backlog is the team's plan for how to turn the Product Backlog items into a working product increment. It is crafted during the Sprint Planning meeting, where the team collectively decides on the scope of work for the upcoming Sprint, based on the project's priorities and their capacity.

The Sprint Backlog is a living document; it changes and evolves as the Sprint progresses. It not only lists the tasks but also the team's strategy for executing them. It provides a day-to-day snapshot of the work that the development team aims to complete, offering transparency and fostering collaboration within the team. The Scrum Master plays a crucial role in ensuring that the Sprint Backlog is managed effectively, helping the team to meet their commitments and overcome any challenges that arise.


The Increment, or the product increment, is the culmination of all the Product Backlog items completed during a Sprint, integrated with the work of all previous Sprints. The result is a potentially shippable product, a concrete step toward the project's overall goal. The definition of "Done" plays a critical role here, as it ensures a clear understanding across the team of what it means for work to be completed, ensuring quality and consistency.

An infographic image of increment

The Increment is a testament to the team's progress and effort, demonstrating tangible outcomes at the end of each Sprint. It allows stakeholders to see the evolution of the product, facilitating feedback and enabling adaptations that align with the project's objectives. This continuous delivery of value is a core principle of Agile and Scrum, emphasizing the importance of producing workable, valuable outcomes frequently.

What are the unique artefacts of agile projects?

Agile projects feature three unique artefacts: the Product Backlog, an ordered list of everything that might be needed in the product; the Sprint Backlog, a list of items, chosen from the Product Backlog, to be completed in the current sprint; and the Increment, which is the sum of all the Product Backlog items completed during a sprint and all previous sprints, resulting in a shippable version of the product.

Which artefact is used to keep track of the sprint?

The Sprint Backlog is the artifact used to keep track of the sprint. It includes all the tasks and work the team commits to completing by the end of the sprint cycle, serving as a detailed plan that indicates how the team will achieve sprint goals.

What does scrum artifacts provide?

Scrum artifacts provide transparency, visibility, and a clear understanding of the project's progress towards its goals. The Product Backlog offers insight into what needs to be done, the Sprint Backlog shows what the team is currently working on, and the Increment demonstrates the tangible results of the team's efforts, ensuring everyone is aligned and informed about the project's status and next steps.

Best practices for managing the three main scrum artefacts effectively

  1. Keep artifacts up to date: Ensure that artifacts accurately reflect the current status of the project. Regularly update the product backlog, sprint backlog, and burn-down charts to provide an accurate representation of progress.

  2. Prioritise clarity and simplicity: Artefacts should be easy to understand and interpret for all team members and stakeholders. Use concise and clear descriptions, avoid unnecessary complexity, and provide context when needed.

  3. Promote collaboration: Artefacts should be accessible and visible to all team members. Use collaborative tools and platforms that allow real-time updates and encourage active participation and engagement.

  4. Regularly review and refine artefacts: As the project progresses, revisit and refine artifacts to ensure they remain relevant and aligned with the evolving needs of the team and stakeholders. Remove outdated items from the product backlog and update the sprint backlog as priorities change.


The unique Scrum artefacts, Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment serve as the cornerstone of agile project management, providing a structured yet flexible framework that guides teams through the complexities of product development. By embracing these artifacts, teams can ensure transparency, foster collaboration, and maintain a clear focus on delivering incremental value to their customers. Whether you're overseeing development teams or directly involved in sprint planning, understanding and effectively utilizing these artifacts will enhance your project's success and organizational efficiency. Remember, agile is more than a methodology; it's a mindset that thrives on adaptability and continuous improvement. As you embark on or continue your agile journey, let these artifacts steer your path toward achieving remarkable results.

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