Before we get into the components, check out this blog to learn what scrum is to get the full understanding and how it works.
When we say "components," we mean team members and persons who are directly or indirectly connected with the project, both in its development and in its market spread.
What are roles in Scrum?
In Scrum roles there are intimately tied and devoted to the project's completion roles and the responsibilities that it entails. They are Product Owner, Scrum Master and "Development Team".
During the team's work, he is responsible for maximising the value of the product. Because they are in charge of a whole portfolio of products, product owners are usually the most dedicated in a Scrum organisation chart.
Some responsibilities performed by a Product Owner are:
- In charge of the list of tasks linked to the creation of a new product, also known as the product backlog, for the rest of the team's understanding.
- Sort the task list to ensure that goals and objectives are met.
- Optimize the work of the product development team using several methods.
- Ensure that the remainder of the team understands the tasks required in product development.
- Serve as the only link between the authorities involved in the product's development.
The Product Owner can perform these tasks on their own or request that the team perform them, however they continue to have responsibility. It is essential that any organization that has opted for the Scrum methodology respects the authority of the Product Owner and only he has the ability to prioritize a task in the development of a product.
Because of its role as the team’s leader, this figure is one of the most important in agile approaches. It is critical to recognise that the Master figure is not hierarchical, but rather must be viewed as a facilitator of the team's needs in order to accomplish the objectives and responsibilities provided by the Product Owner. Which is why they are called servant leader.
Some responsibilities performed by a Scrum Master are:
- Keep all parties informed and on track.
- Coach Team Members
- Teach Scrum Practices and Principles
- Host Daily Stand-up Meetings
- Remove Obstacles
The development team in charge of creating the actual product increment and meeting the sprint goal. Scrum's success is heavily dependent on the development team's success. Scrum requires teams to be self-organized and multidisciplinary; that is, the entire team must be able to trust each other and their workflows. Furthermore, each member must have specific knowledge and contribute to the achievement of the set goals.
Some responsibilities performed by the Development Team are:
- Plan the Sprint
- Inspect and Adapt Each Day to Meet Sprint Goals
- Perform Sprint Execution
- Inspect and Adapt Product and Process
Other stakeholders in Scrum
Stakeholders are not active roles in Scrum, but they are important for the team's existence. They will be referred to as:
- End customers.
- Shareholders or clients.
Scrum events, sometimes known as "ceremonies," are team activities focused on goal attainment and development.
Sprints are time units used to complete a task; it is recommended that a Sprint last between 1 and 4 weeks, depending on the complexity and priority of the activity. Sprints also involve a pre-meeting, which can last up to two hours per week of work to be prepared. The Product Owner's presence is also required to ensure that the tasks listed above are distributed correctly and within the time limit given.
You must maintain communication with each member of the Scrum Team in order to coordinate the various processes within this type of Scrum event, which is why this agile methodology has the following ceremonies or meetings within a Sprint:
Sprint Planning is the process by which the Sprint objectives are established. This event occurs at the start of a sprint when the team decides which product backlog items to work on during that sprint.
The Daily Scrum is a check-in on the team's daily activities. Once the working hours have been determined, a daily meeting to coordinate the team's tasks is required. This meeting should last no more than 15 minutes. Teams convene at the same time to take turns explaining what they worked on the day before, what they plan to work on the next day, and what obstacles stand in their way.
Sprint Review After the team completes the Sprint Backlog items and is ready with the Product Increment, it is evaluated by the Product Owner, the Scrum Master, and the stakeholders. The Sprint Review is typically held at the end of the Sprint. The goal of the event is not to perfect all of the features, but to continuously improve so that the next iteration is better. The primary goal of this event is to gather feedback on the Sprint work completed in the previous few weeks. This feedback will help the team perform well in future Sprints.
Sprint RetrospectiveThe Sprint Retrospective follows the Sprint Review and is the Sprint's final event. This event is also a type of review in which the Developers receive feedback; however, it excludes the stakeholders and other project members. It is an internal meeting with only the Developers, Product Owner, and Scrum Master present. The Scrum team considers which tasks in the next Sprint could be improved by reflecting on what went wrong in the previous one.
Scrum events are essential for a team's communication, collaboration, and work on a complex project. The events promote transparency and assist everyone in planning their tasks in accordance with the requirements. The value derived from Scrum events is determined by the Scrum team's maturity, current stage of development, and stability.